Free Bible Study Magazine
Featured article from this month’s Living Word is a sermon outline by Rev. Ramon Hunston, formerly of the Pentecostal Assemblies of Canada, now retired.
A SUMMARY OF TRUTH (Hebrews 8-10)
INTRODUCTION: – Internal evidence suggests that this book was written by Paul. It was written before the fall of Jerusalem (A.D.70) and after the death of James. Timothy was with Paul at the time (13:23). It was written to encourage Jewish Christians in Jerusalem and to prepare them for the destruction of the Temple and the dispersion of the nation.
The first three verses set the theme of exalting Jesus Christ. He is superior in His person – He is the “express image’ of God. He is superior in His work – He is the creator. He is superior in His glory – He is our Prophet, Priest and King.
This is the summary of why Christ has given us a superior covenant: “This is the sum….” (v.1)
1. A SUPERIOR HIGH PRIEST. 8:1-2
Jesus gave to His disciples a new testament (covenant) with this basis:-
(a) Christ’s moral adequacy. (v.1)
– Christ is morally perfect, yet identified with our needs.
“…such a High Priest became us…” (“Was fitting for us.”)
(b) Christ’s finished work.
– Christ is seated He has finished the work of our redemption. N.B. There was no seat in the sanctuary in the Old Testament.
(c) Christ’s enthronement.
– Christ is not just seated – but is at the right hand of God. E.g. Psalm 110:1
– No High Priest sat in the sanctuary, and no High Priest would ever sit on a throne except by the inauguration of a new priesthood.
(d) Christ’s supreme exaltation.
– “in the heavens” Christ ministers in a heavenly and eternal sanctuary.
2. A SUPERIOR TEMPLE. 8:3-5
Background… there was a Temple in Jerusalem, but how can we know that
Christ is really ministering in heaven?
(a) The logical answer
– Since Christ is the Great High Priest, He must minister in a sanctuary.
• Since He is in heaven that is where the sanctuary is.
– “Somewhat to offer…. “(v.3) Christ offered Himself on the Cross once.
Now He is our “living sacrifice” in heaven.
(b) The genealogy answer. (v.4)
– Christ could not serve as a priest on earth He was of Judah.
– Christ could only serve in heaven as King and Priest.
(c) The pattern (type) answer. (v.5)
– Moses was commanded to make the Tabernacle “according to the pattern.”
– In Revelation there are parallels with the 0. T. Tabernacle in Heaven
‘The temple of God” (11:19) “Brazen Altar” (6:9-11)
“Altar of Incense” (8:3-5) “Sea of glass” (layer 4:6)
“Seven lamps of fire” (Candlestick 4:5)
– There will be no Temple in the eternal state because the entire city will be the Temple (21:22) c.f. New Jerusalem = the Lamb’s wife.
‘Your body is the Temple of the Holy Spirit”
3. SUPERIOR PROMISES. 8:6-13
God had promised a better covenant. (JEREMIAH 31:31-33)
Jesus is the “mediator of the new covenant.” (HEBREWS 9:15; 12:24)
(a) The promise of God’s grace.
• There was no fault with the Law (ROMANS 7:12) but with man’s sinfulness
– The new covenant is entirely by grace. “What the Law could not do….”
(b) The promise of a changed heart. (v.10)
The Law stated God’s standards but could not provide the means. The means arc provided by the new covenant. cf. EZEKIEL 36:26-27
(c) The promise of forgiveness for all. (v. 11 -13)
– The Law did not promise forgiveness but a covering.
– The new covenant brings the knowledge of God directly to the individual.
4. CHRIST HAS GIVEN TO US A SPECIAL Responsibility.
We are a priesthood in Christ, so the functions are required (Heb. 10:19-21).
(a) The need to communicate with God. (10:22)
– “Let us draw near” The responsibility of approach, “With a true heart” ….A sincere desire to meet with God.
– “Full assurance of faith”. A certainty of an entrance
– A recognition of personal holiness….Priests had to be clean.
(b) The need to continue in faith serving the Lord. (10:23)
– Our personal responsibility stated. (v.26)
– The need of consistency in faith.
(c) The need to consider (encourage) one another (10:24)
– “Let us consider one another.”
– Consider one another in corporate worship.
– Consider one another in mutual encouragement.
– Consider one another in compassion and help. (v.34)
CONCLUSION:-Fulfilling these requirements is great reward (Heb. 10:35-37).
Subscribe to Living Word at http://www.biblestudiesonline.org.uk/
Read previous articles.